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How To Properly Gap Your Wedges

Refining your wedge play can go a long way towards knocking a few strokes
off that scorecard

Most rely on one, maybe two wedges from round-to-round - a standard pitching wedge and either a sand or gap wedge. Like the putter, a wedge serves a crucial purpose on most every hole you play. There are probably particular distances or situations where you simply feel like you don't have enough...or even too much when you have your wedge in hand. Odds are you've chunked, skulled, caught it thin, scooped it, bladed it...while every golfer has been there, it's something we'd like to avoid! Typically those predicaments occur when we alter our swing based upon the distance. It's likely that you are very aware what distance you can comfortably hit your pitching wedge from - for example, let's say 110 yards is a comfortable distance. Unless you are extremely lucky, it's doubtful that your ball will end up conveniently 110 yards from the pin every time.

Properly gapping your wedges is the solution

There are a range of wedge lofts for a reason and having a few different lofts for different yardages will help you to avoid having to alter your natural swing.

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Variables To Consider

Sole Width

Sole Width

The width of the sole of the club head measured from the leading edge to the trailing edge. Wider soles increase the effective bounce of a wedge.

Sole Camber

Sole Camber

The curvature of the sole measured from the leading edge to the trailing edge.

Lie Angle

The angle formed between the centerline of the golf shaft and the ground when the club is soled in a neutral position.

Backspin

Measured in revolutions per minute, backspin is affected by club loft, angle of attack, golf ball construction, and environmental factors. Backspin may be estimated based upon the ball trajectory in the second half of flight or more precisely measured by a launch monitor. A backspin that is too high results in shorter carry and roll distances. Backspin that is too low reduces carry distance and can cause instability in flight.

Grips

  • Round Grip: A grip that is uniformly round in cross-section
  • Ribbed/Reminder Grip: A grip with a slightly raised area (rib) running along the underside of the grip
  • Grip Size: Grips come with varying wall thicknesses and can be applied with extra layers of tape below the grip to increase the size (each layer of tape adds approximately 1/16" to the grip size). Proper grip size enables maximum control and comfort. For most players, proper size is indicated by the fingers on their left hand slightly touching the palm when the club is gripped

Understanding & Measuring Bounce

BounceA very important but somewhat misunderstood element of wedge design is bounce angle. By definition, bounce is the angle created between the sole line of the golf club (the line from the leading edge to the trailing edge) and the ground line at address.

Wedges are designed with a wide variety of bounce angles and sole shapes to appeal to different playing styles and course conditions. Generally, players with shallow attack angles and more hand action during their wedge shots prefer wedges with less bounce and narrow but more cambered soles, while players with steeper attack angles and less hand action who like to trap the ball at impact often benefit from wedges with more bounce and wider, less cambered soles. These two types of players are commonly referred to as sliders/sweepers and drivers/diggers, respectively.

For the non-Tour golfer who doesn't have access to a van full of different wedges, wedge specialist Bob Vokey has some simple advice: Bounce is your friend. Wedges with a moderate amount of bounce are versatile for golfers who play on a variety of courses with differing turf and sand conditions. Further, most amateur players would benefit from employing more bounce since they typically don't hit shots as consistently as a Tour professional.

Driver/Digger: A driver or digger wedge player has a steeper angle of attack, often using less hand action and a stronger grip. This player may also position the ball back in their stance and trap the ball at impact. They play their best with wedges that have wider soles, more bounce, and less camber.

Slider/Sweeper: A slider or sweeper wedge player has a shallow angle of attack and often is someone who uses more hand action. This player will generally use a wedge with a narrower sole, less bounce, and more camber.

Information derived from the Bob Vokey website.

Wedge Selector

The Wedge Selector below takes into consideration the iron set you have and the loft of the wedge included within that set. This wedge loft serves as the primary reference point from which each wedge is gapped thereafter. For added context as to how wedges (PW, SW, AW/GW/UW, LW) are typically gapped by loft, reference the General Specification Ranges chart to the right.

General Specification Ranges Loft Bounce Lie Length
Pitching Wedge 45°-48° 2°-5° 62°-64° 34.5"-35.5"
AW/GW/UW* 48°-53° 2°-5° 62°-64° 34.5"-35.5"
Sand Wedge 54°-58° 8°-14° 63°-65° 34"-35"
Lob Wedge 59°-65° 4°-8° 63°-65° 34"-35"

*"AW" = "Attack Wedge," "GW" = "Gap Wedge," "UW" = "Utility Wedge."
Brand to brand, the labels may differ, but AW/GW/UW all relate to the
same general range of wedge loft.

Wedge Selector Instructions:

  1. Select your iron set brand.
  2. Locate your iron set.
  3. Click on the suggested wedge loft range for your 2nd, 3rd, 4th wedges.

Adams

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 Super S 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 CB3 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2012 MB2 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2011 Idea a12 OS 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 Redline 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 Idea a7OS Max 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 Idea Pro A12 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 Idea Tech V3 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 Idea Black CB1 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 Idea Black CB2 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 Idea a7 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 Idea a7OS & OS Max 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°

Bridgestone

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2012 J40 Cavity 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2012 J40 Dual Pocket 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°

Callaway

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 X Hot 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2013 X Hot Pro 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2013 X Forged 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2012 RazrX Black 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 RazrX HL 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 RazrX 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 RazrXF 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 RazrX Tour 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2011 RazrX Forged 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2010 Diablo Edge 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2010 Diablo Edge R 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2010 Diablo Forged 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 X-Forged 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 X-24 Hot 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 X-22 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 X-22 Tour 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°

Cleveland Golf

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 588 Altitude 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2013 588 MT 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2013 588 TT 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 Mashie Iron 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 588 Forged CB 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2012 588 Forged MB 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2011 CG Black 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 CG16 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 CG16 Tour 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 HB3 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2010 CG7 Black Pearl 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 CG7 Black Pearl Tour 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2009 CG7 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 CG7 Tour 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°

Cobra

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 AMP Cell 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2013 AMP Cell Forged 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2012 AMP 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 S2 Forged 43°   » 47° - 49° » 51° - 55° » 55° - 61°
2011 S3 Max 43°   » 47° - 49° » 51° - 55° » 55° - 61°
2011 S3 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 S3 Pro 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2009 S2 43°   » 47° - 49° » 51° - 55° » 55° - 61°
2009 Transitions 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2009 S2 Forged 43°   » 47° - 49° » 51° - 55° » 55° - 61°

Mizuno

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 JPX-825 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2013 JPX-825 Pro 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2013 MP H4 / 64 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2011 JPX-800 HD 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2011 MP 59 / 69 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 JPX-800 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2010 JPX-800 Pro 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 MP 52 / 62 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 MP 58 / 68 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°

Nike

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 VR S Covert 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 VR S 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 VR S Forged 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2012 VR Pro Combo CB 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2011 VR Pro Cavity 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 SQ Machspeed 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 Slingshot 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 VR Pro 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2010 VR Pro Combo 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 Victory Red Full Cavity 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 Victory Red Forged Split Cav 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 Victory Red Forged TW Blade 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°

PING

TaylorMade

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2013 RocketBladez 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2013 RocketBladez TOUR 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2013 RocketBladez MAX 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 RBZ Max 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 RBZ 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2011 Tour Prfd MB/MC 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2011 Burner 1.0 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2011 Tour Preferred CB 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2011 R11 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2011 R11 TP 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 Burner 2.0 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 Burner 2.0 HP 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 Burner Superlaunch 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2010 R9 TP 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 R9 46°   » 50° - 52° » 54° - 58° » 58° - 64°
2009 Burner 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2009 Burner Plus 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°

Titleist

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2012 AP1 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2012 AP2 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2011 CB 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2011 MB 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2010 AP1 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°
2010 AP2 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 ZB Forged 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2009 ZM Forged 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°

Wilson

Year Iron Set PW Loft   2nd Wedge 3rd Wedge 4th Wedge
2012 FG 62 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2012 FG Tour V2 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2012 FG Tour 47°   » 51° - 53° » 55° - 59° » 59° - 64°
2012 Ci11 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 Ci9 44°   » 48° - 50° » 52° - 56° » 56° - 62°
2012 Progressive Combo 45°   » 49° - 51° » 53° - 57° » 57° - 63°